Canopy fuel [Aerial fuel, Available canopy fuel]

n. The foliage and fine branchwood of trees.


  • Discussion


It is generally assumed that all canopy fuel consumption takes place during the short duration of the flaming front of a crown fire. Only fine fuel particles are consumed in the flaming crown fire front -- the foliage plus some fraction of the live and dead branchwood (Brown and Bradshaw 1994; Brown and Reinhardt 1991). Scott and Reinhardt (2005) estimated available canopy fuel as the foliage plus 0-3 mm live branchwood plus 0-6 mm dead branchwood.


  • See Also

  • References

    • Brown, J.K. and L.S. Bradshaw. 1994. Comparisons of particulate emissions and smoke impacts from presettlement, full suppression, and Prescribed Natural Fire periods in the Selway-Bitterroot Wilderness. Int. J. Wildland Fire 4(3):143-155.

    • Brown, J. K. and E. D. Reinahrdt. 1991. Predicting and managing fuel consumption in the Interior West. In: Andrews, P.L.; Potts, D. L., eds. Proceedings of the 11th Conference on Fire and Forest Meteorology; 1991 April 16-19; Missoula, MT. Proc. Bethesda, MD: Society of American Foresters Publication 91-04: 419-429.

    • Scott, Joe H.; Reinhardt, Elizabeth D. 2005. Stereo photo guide for estimating canopy fuel characteristics in conifer stands. Gen. Tech. Rep. RMRS-GTR-145. Ft. Collins, CO: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station. 49 p.


  • Notes

    • Author 

      Joe Scott, Research Forester

      Systems for Environmental Management