n. The process of assisting the recovery of a forest that has been degraded, damaged, or destroyed.
Forest restoration originally meant exactly that: the restoration of forests that have been degraded, damaged, or destroyed. In the past, restoration techniques have included activities such as tree planting, erosion control, and brush control. More recently, treatment of fuel that has accumulated from decades of fire exclusion has been included in the definition of forest restoration, which in turn has led to the inclusion of forest thinning as a restoration technique.
In any case, sound forest restoration requires an integrated, multi-disciplinary approach rooted in conservation biology and ecosystem restoration that includes preserving and protecting intact landscapes, allowing the land to heal itself, and, where necessary, helping it to do so through active restoration (DellaSala and others 2003).