Surface fuel

n. Fuel lying on or near the surface of the ground, consisting of leaf and needle litter, dead branch material, downed logs, bark, tree cones, and living plants of low stature.  (NWCG 2005)


  • Discussion


In natural ecosystems, fire generally is ignited in and carried by surface fuel (DeBano and others 1998).


  • See Also

  • References

    • National Wildfire Coordinating Group (NWCG). 2005. Glossary of Wildland Fire Terminology. [Online]. Available:

    • DeBano, L.F.; Neary, D.G.;  Ffolliott, P.F.  1998.  Fire’s Effects on Ecosystems. New York, NY: J. Wiley and Sons


  • Notes

    • Author 

      Eric Knapp, Research Ecologist

      Pacific Southwest Research Station